Git commands

  • git config :—
    This command sets the author name and email address respectively
    to be used with your commits.
    Usage: git config –global “[name]”
    Usage: git config –global “[email address]”
  • git init:– This command is used to start a new repository.
    Usage: git init [repository name]
  • git clone:—This command is used to obtain a repository from an existing URL.

    Usage: git clone [url]

  • git add :—This command adds a file to the staging area.
  • Usage: git add [file]

  • Usage: git add *:—This command adds one or more to the staging area
    git commit:—This command records or snapshots the file permanently in the version history.
    Usage: git commit -m “[ Type in the commit message]”
  • Usage: git commit -a:— This command commits any files you’ve added with the git add command and also commits any files you’ve changed since then.
  • git diff:—-This command shows the file differences which are not yet staged.
    Usage: git diff
  • Usage: git diff –staged:—
    This command shows the differences between the files in the staging area and the latest version present.
  • Usage: git diff [first branch] [second branch]:—
    This command shows the differences between the two branches mentioned
  • git reset:—–This command unstages the file, but it preserves the file contents.
    Usage: git reset [file]
  • Usage: git reset [commit]:—-This command undoes all the commits after the specified commit and preserves the changes locally.
  • Usage: git reset –hard [commit]:—–
    This command discards all history and goes back to the specified commit.

  • git status:—-This command lists all the files that have to be committed.
    Usage: git status

  • git rm:—This command deletes the file from your working directory and stages the deletion.
    Usage: git rm [file]

  • git log:—This command is used to list the version history for the current branch.
    Usage: git log
    Usage: git log –follow[file]:—This command lists version history for a file, including the renaming of files also.

  • git show:—This command shows the metadata and content changes of the specified commit.
    Usage: git show [commit]

  • git tag:—This command is used to give tags to the specified command
  • Usage: git tag [commitID]

  • git branch:—This command lists all the local branches in the current repository.
    Usage: git branch

  • Usage: git branch [branch name]:—-This command creates a new branch.
  • Usage: git branch -d [branch name]:—–This command deletes the feature branch.
  • git merge:—-This command merges the specified branch’s history into the current branch.
    Usage: git merge [branch name]

  • git remote:—This command is used to connect your local repository to the remote server.
    Usage: git remote add [variable name] [Remote Server Link]

  • git push:—
  • Usage: git push [variable name] master:–This command sends the committed changes of master branch to your remote repository.
  • Usage: git push [variable name] [branch]:–This command sends the branch commits to your remote repository.
  • Usage: git push –all [variable name]:–This command pushes all branches to your remote repository.
  • Usage: git push [variable name] :[branch name]:—This command deletes a branch on your remote repository.
  • git pull:—This command fetches and merges changes on the remote server to your working directory.
  • Usage: git pull [Repository Link]
  • git stash:—This command temporarily stores all the modified tracked files
  • Usage: git stash save
    Usage: git stash pop:—
    This command restores the most recently stashed files

  • Usage: git stash list:—This command lists all stashed changesets.
  • Usage: git stash drop:–This command discards the most recently stashed changeset.
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